Candle Making Tutorial
Hurricane Shell Candles
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Copyright 2003-2004 CandleHelp.com
Hurricane Shells, also
called luminaria, are a wonderful way to add ambiance. They can be made with
candles built in, or in the traditional hollow manner. Plain hurricane shells,
such as the one we show you how to make in this tutorial, keep wind from
blowing out candles, and are therefore ideal for outdoor décor. The process for
making a basic hurricane candle shell is simple.
What You Will
Need - Supplies
Melt Point Molding Candle Wax
Wax 195 pearls
X 4" Square Metal Hurricane Candle Mold
Spray Mold Release (optional)
Pot or old Sauce Pan to create a double boiler
Size Melting Pot
Stir Sticks, chopsticks, or something else to stir the wax
Also a good idea to
paper, or scrap paper to cover work surfaces
Fire Extinguisher (just
How to Set Up
Your Work Area
- Put down
newspaper or butcher paper on tables and countertops to catch spills and
for easy cleanup.
- Have paper towels
and Windex on hand for cleaning stovetops.
- Wrap stove burner
bowls in tin foil to catch drips of wax,
and for easy cleanup afterwards.
Prep Your Mold
X 4" Square Metal Hurricane Molds do not typically have wick holes in
the bottom. If you are using a mold that has a wick hole in the bottom, close
it with a wad of mold
Inspect your mold
to ensure that there is no residual wax
on the inside surfaces or seams of your mold.
If there is, remove it.
Spray the inside of
Spray Mold Release. To do this, either follow the directions on the can, or
hold the nozzle 8 to 10 inches from your mold
and release the spray in short bursts. I little goes a long way with Silicone
Spray Mold Release.
Melting your High Melt
Point Molding Candle Wax
the bottom part of your double boiler (the steamer
pot or the deep sauce pan) with about two inches of cool water, and place
on the burner set to high temperature.
simple double boiler using an old sauce pan and a meting pot with a spout.
pieces of 150
degree Molding Candle Wax to be melted into the standard
sized melting pot, set the melting
pot in the water, and attend to it as the wax
liquefies. (When the water begins to boil, turn the heat down to medium low or
low.) The standard
sized melting pot holds a little over 4 lbs of wax.
you have a large block
of wax and need instructions on how to safely break it
into smaller pieces, please visit our section on How To Break Up Wax
is entirely liquid (i.e., when there are no solid chunks any longer in the pot)
you have successfully melted the wax.
until it reaches 200
Adding Micro Wax
Since the finished
hurricane candle shell will be subjected to heat from a candle
in its interior, it is important that the
hurricane candle wax be of a higher melting point than typical tealight
or votive candle wax.
Wax 195 will raise the melting point of the finished hurricane
candle wax. It also acts to prevent mottling. Standard usage is between 1
and 2 teaspoons per pound of wax.
For this tutorial I have used 4 lbs of wax,
so I need to add 4 teaspoons of Micro
Wax 195. Keep track of the amount of wax
you use when making your hurricane candle shell, and add the appropriate amount
Wax 195, using a minimum of 1 teaspoon of Micro
Wax 195 per pound of melted wax.
Wax 195 well into the melted wax,
to ensure even distribution.
When the Micro
Wax 195 has melted entirely, bring the temperature
up to 200
Hurricane Candle Wax
When the wax
degrees F, pour it into your hurricane
candle mold. Let it sit undisturbed to cool.
Let the hurricane
candle wax cool until it builds up a shell of about ¼” thickness inside the
mold. This will take about and hour and a half to two hours or more, cooling at
The top of the
candle will film over and a skin will develop. This indicates that the sides of
the candle are also cooling, and building a shell. This is the shell which will
ultimately make up your finished Hurricane Candle Shell.
Test the thickness
of the shell as it develops by using your Craft
Knife to cut away a small hole in the center of the top film of the setting
When the thickness
of this test cross section is about ¼” thick, the shell on the inside of the hurricane
candle mold will be the proper thickness for your finished hurricane candle
Cut Away Top of
Hurricane Candle Shell
Use your craft
knife to score a square in the cooled wax
around the top of the hurricane candle. Carefully remove this square from the
hurricane candle. Take care as the wax
inside the mold
is still very hot.
Pour the liquid wax
from the inside of the hurricane candle back into your melting
You now have a
Use your craft
knife to trim away the rough edges at the top of your hurricane candle,
where you removed the square of cool wax
from the top, so that the inside edges of your hurricane candle shell will be
neat and flush with the wall, which should be about ¼” thick all the way
Let your hurricane
candle shell cool for another hour or so, until the wax
has hardened and cooled completely.
Remove from Mold
hurricane candle shell from the mold
carefully, using your fingers. Take care not to mar the surface finish of your
hurricane candle shell. If the shell does not come out of the mold
easily, place the mold
in the freezer for 10 minutes, then try again.
Hurricane Candle Shell
Trim any rough
edges with your craft
knife. Place a tealight
or a votive
in a votive
holder inside the shell and set it anywhere! The high melting temperature
of the hurricane
candle wax keeps it from melting from the heat of tealights
For other Hurricane
Candle Shell projects, see our tutorials on Hurricane
Candles with Embeds, Hurricane Candle Container
Candles, and Hurricane Candle Paper Lantern